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  • 建造室内植物墙要注意的方面
  • 本站编辑:杭州绿手指园林绿化有限公司发布日期:2018-04-19 15:13 浏览次数:

当然打造一面植物墙并非容易的事情,尤其是室内植物墙,是在环境相对恒定的人居环境中实现的,需要综合考虑较多的因素。以下几方面需重点关注。

Of course, it is not easy to build a plant wall, especially the indoor plant wall, which is realized in a relatively constant environment, which needs to be considered in a comprehensive way. The following aspects need to be focused on.


1、根据墙体的实际情况确定植物墙的设计方案。首先应该考虑墙体的材质构造,确定墙体是否有足够的承重力来适应植物墙。如果是混凝土材质,那么墙面可以采用任何形式;如果墙体是石膏板材或玻璃材质,就要选择对承重要求较低的植物墙形式。

1, according to the actual situation of the wall, determine the design plan of plant wall. First of all, we should consider the material structure of the wall to determine whether the wall has enough load-bearing capacity to adapt to the plant wall. If it is a concrete material, then the wall can be used in any form; if the wall is plaster board or glass material, it is necessary to choose the form of plant wall with lower bearing requirements.


2、植物的选择。在室内需选择喜阴的植物,考虑到室内植物墙的特殊种植环境及后期养护管理,在选择植物时应选用管理粗放、抗性强的品种。最好是耐寒、耐旱、耐强光、耐荫,抗污染性强、病虫害少的植物。

2. The selection of plants. It is necessary to choose plants with negative shade in the room. Considering the special planting environment and the later maintenance management of the indoor plant wall, the varieties of extensive management and strong resistance should be selected when choosing the plants. It is best to be cold resistant, drought resistant, strong light resistant, shade tolerant, highly resistant to pollution, and less pests and diseases.


3、防水防潮设计。墙体的防水防潮设计是植物墙需重点考虑的内容。植物需要浇水养护,支撑骨架或种植模块与墙面连接处的防水未处理好、植物袋与墙壁之间没有做防水措施,水可能会渗入墙壁,长期以往,会对墙壁造成损害。时间长了,墙体就会发霉、变黑,影响美观不说,还直接影响家居生活质量,甚至影响房屋结构安全。

3. Waterproof and moisture-proof design. The waterproof and moistureproof design of walls is a key consideration for plant walls. Plants need water maintenance, support the skeleton or the planting module and the wall connection of the waterproof untreated, plant bags and walls between the walls do not do waterproof measures, water may penetrate the wall, for a long time, it will cause damage to the wall. For a long time, the walls will become moldy and black, which will affect the quality of household life and even affect the safety of housing structures.


对于容器式植物墙,无论是“骨架+花盆”式,还是模块式,支撑钢架与墙面的连接处都要做好密封防水,并涂刷防锈漆进行防锈。如果支撑钢架基层和墙面紧挨,就一定要做好防水防潮处理。

For the container type plant wall, whether it is "skeleton + pot" type, or modular type, the connection between the steel frame and the wall should be sealed and waterproof, and the antirust paint is painted to prevent rust.  If the supporting steel frame and the wall are close to each other, it is necessary to do well in waterproofing and moisture-proof treatment.


对于布袋式植物墙,如果布袋后面没有布置具有防水性能的PVC板,墙面的防水防潮处理是一定要做的。

For the bag type plant wall, if there is no waterproof PVC board behind the bag, the waterproof and moisture-proof treatment of the wall must be done.


对于铺贴式植物墙,若平面种植系统中不含防水膜,则应在墙面基层预先做防水处理。

For paving type plant walls, if there is no waterproof film in the flat planting system, waterproofing should be done in advance at the base.


至于选用何种防水材料,是不是必须选用耐根穿刺防水材料呢?也不是,植物是向水的,根系基本垂直向下生长,所以不同于屋顶绿化,室内植物墙对防水材料的耐根穿刺性能没有特殊要求。

As to what kind of waterproof material to choose, is it necessary to choose waterproof material with root piercing, and not, plant is water to the water, the roots grow vertically downward, so it is different from the green roof, and the indoor plant wall has no special requirements for the resistance to root puncture of waterproof material.

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在条件允许的情况下,保险起见,建议对整个植物墙墙面进行全面的防水防潮处理,毕竟长期处在潮湿环境的周边,墙体难免会受潮甚至会发霉。

Under the conditions of conditions, insurance, it is suggested that the whole plant wall wall be fully waterproof and moisture-proof treatment, after all, in the perimeter of the wet environment, the wall will inevitably be dampened or even mildew.

4、室内植物墙的灌溉系统一直是令人头疼的地方,既要保证植物供水,又要避免“水漫金山”,室内被淹。目前植物墙的灌溉一般是选用滴灌或是微喷,选用自动灌溉系统,维护更方便。若室内植物墙没有采用自动灌溉系统,建议设置接水槽,以防给植物浇水时水滴漏到地上。

4, the indoor plant wall irrigation system has always been a headache, not only to ensure that the plant water supply, but also to avoid "flood", the indoor flooded. At present, the irrigation of plant walls is generally based on drip irrigation or micro sprinkler, and automatic irrigation system is adopted to maintain the plant more conveniently. If the indoor plant wall does not use automatic irrigation system, it is advised to set up the sink to prevent water dripping to the ground when watering the plants.


5、防蚊虫滋生。蚊虫喜水,喜潮湿,如果不加以防范,很容易给业主带来“幸福”的困扰,建议使用经过杀菌处理的营养土。

5, prevent mosquitoes from breeding. Mosquitoes are fond of water and humid. If they are not prevented, it is easy to bring happiness to the owners. It is suggested that the soil should be treated sterilized.


6、植物墙在保证安全和植物存活的基础上,应尽量使用环保的材料,少使用易带来二次污染的材料。

6, on the basis of guaranteeing safety and plant survival, plant walls should use environmentally friendly materials as much as possible and use less materials that are likely to cause two pollution.


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